What is Morbid Obesity?
Obesity is measured by using the Body Mass Index (BMI). By knowing your
height and weight and using a BMI calculator you can find your BMI. You are considered obese if you have a BMI of 30 or more. Severe obesity is
defined as having a BMI of more than 35. Morbid obesity constitutes a BMI of 40
Health Risks of Obesity
Being obese or severely obese puts you at a higher risk for developing or
worsening many serious medical conditions. There are many obesity-related
medical conditions that can damage your quality of life and some can cause early
death. Some of these medical conditions include arthritis, asthma, some cancers,
cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, gallstones, heartburn, gout, hypertension,
back and joint pain, sleep apnea, infertility, urinary stress incontinence, and
type 2 diabetes.
1. Morbid obesity is associated with many social problems
- Difficulty with proper hygiene
- Inability to use many public and private services
2. Morbid obesity causes psychiatric problems
- Social withdrawal - Depression - Suicide
3. Morbid obesity is hereditary
- It is rarely caused by endocrine abnormalities
- It is not purely an eating disorder, but rather a problem with
- It is usually not the result of a psychological disorder but may
predispose to one
Weight loss is recommended for those with obesity or severe obesity. Losing
excess weight can improve your health by lowering the risks from obesity-related
medical conditions. Methods of weight loss include dietary therapy, increased
physical activity, behavior therapy, drug therapy, surgery or a combination of
therapies. Surgery is a well-established method of long-term weight control for
persons with severe obesity. Several studies have reported patient weight loss
of 60 - 80% of excess weight after five years following weight-loss surgery. In
most cases, the benefits of obesity surgery outweigh the risks. Each person’s
medical situation is different, however, and you should research and discuss
with your doctor whether the benefits of obesity surgery outweigh the risks in
your specific case.
You may qualify for obesity surgery if:
- You are morbidly obese (BMI of 40 or more) or have a BMI of 35 to 39.9
with serious medical conditions, such as high blood cholesterol and
triglycerides, hypertension, sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes or other serious
- You have tried other methods of weight loss and lifestyle changes such
as changes in eating habits, increased physical activity and/or drug therapy
- and are still severely obese.
- You are unable to physically perform routine daily activities
(work-related and family functions) and your quality of life is seriously
impaired due to the severity of your obesity.
- You understand the procedure, risks of having surgery - obesity surgery
in particular - and effects after surgery. You have to understand and be
aware of the "big picture" before undertaking weight-loss surgery.
- You are motivated to follow your surgeon’s advice that includes:
- Lifestyle Changes - You must learn to eat smaller amounts of food at
one time, to chew your food well and to eat slowly. Failure to adjust
eating habits may inhibit weight loss.
- Surgeon Follow-up: Follow-up is necessary to maintain the proper
intake of protein, calories, minerals and vitamins. Proper follow-up
care and patient compliance is crucial to long term success of the
Click here to read about the different
types of surgeries we offer.